Prostate ultrasound

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Where to perform a prostate ultrasound? Preferably in a specialized urological clinic. These types of tests are completely safe for the patient and are very helpful in detecting prostate gland abnormalities.

What is a prostate examination, and what does it involve?

Prostate ultrasound is also known as prostate ultrasound. During the examination, the specialist analyzes the prostate parenchyma and measures the gland volume. Based on the obtained images, the doctor can assess not only the condition of the prostate gland but also the urinary bladder and possible detection of residual urine.

What are the indications for prostate ultrasound?

Urologists recommend prostate ultrasound in patients who experience primarily the following symptoms and situations:

  • pain in the lower abdomen,
  • abnormalities diagnosed during rectal examination,
  • difficult urinating,
  • frequent urination,
  • feeling of incomplete bladder emptying,
  • suspected benign prostatic hyperplasia or inflammation,
  • abnormal PSA (prostate-specific antigen) test results.

How is a prostate ultrasound performed?

The ultrasound examination is performed with the patient lying down after applying the gel to the abdominal skin. Thanks to the head of the ultrasound device, the specialist sees an image of the organs on the monitor, which allows for the analysis of their structure and condition. The device also allows you to measure their size. The entire procedure takes a few minutes, and patient can receive the test results immediately after the test.

Transrectal ultrasound, known as TRUS, is also used in prostate examination. This device is equipped with a head of an appropriate profile and allows for transrectal examination, which translates into the possibility of obtaining a more accurate image of the prostate. This option is dedicated mainly to patients suspected of having cancer. Since prostate cancer is the most common male malignancy, a key element of cancer prevention in men is prostate examination.

What can a prostate ultrasound show?

Prostate ultrasound allows the detection of benign prostatic hyperplasia, which in many cases is responsible for urination disorders. Even a slight enlargement of the prostate can significantly reduce the quality of life. During the examination, the doctor may also recognize inflammation in this area, which manifests itself in severe pain in the perineum and discomfort during passing the urine. Ultrasound examination can also help diagnose cancer of the prostate gland.

Who should undergo a prostate ultrasound examination?

Prostate ultrasound is a test recommended especially for men who have problems with urination. It is als important for patients over 45 years of age. In some cases, however, it is worth doing them earlier.

How to prepare for a prostate ultrasound examination?

Patient should take for the appointment alle the results of previous examinations. In order to perform a proper ultrasound, the patient should have a moderately full bladder (a slight feeling of urge to urinate). Therefore, about an hour and a half beforehand, it is necessary to drink 1 to 1.5 liters of still water. He should not urinate during this time.